The Vaccine Center is a preventative health and wellness company, and strongly recommends that everyone traveling to a country that Polio (Poliomyelitis) still occurs should receive a vaccination against Polio infection. In the United States, infants and children should be vaccinated against Polio during routine childhood vaccinations. In adults who have received the childhood vaccinations and are traveling to areas where Polio still occurs, a booster dose is recommended.
The Polio vaccine is not required by any country at this time. This means that a person is permitted to enter the country whether or not they have received vaccination against Polio. A recommended vaccine is not required but most health authorities feel that a person should receive the vaccine as the likelihood and severity of disease clearly outweighs any risk from vaccination.
Polio is a disease caused by a virus. It is highly infectious and is spread person-to-person mostly through ingesting contaminated food or water. In some cases the infected person does not realize they are infected or only suffer minor illness that is characterized by upper respiratory infection, gastrointestinal disturbances, and flu-like symptoms, all of which usually resolve in less than a week. Polio infection may result in paralysis and/or death. There is no cure, but there is a safe and effective vaccine.
In the 1940s and 1950s, people with bulbar polio were immobilized inside “iron lungs” – huge metal cylinders that operated like a pair of bellows to regulate their breathing and keep them alive. Today, the iron lung has largely been replaced by the positive pressure ventilator, but it is still in use in some countries. Source: http://www.polioeradication.org/Polioandprevention.aspx
The first case of Polio was described in 1789 by Michael Underwood in England as debility of the legs in children. Epidemics became increasingly severe in Europe and the United States and more infections arose in people of older age in addition to children. According to the CDC (Center of Disease Control), Polio has been eliminated in the U.S. due to the introduction of an effective vaccine in the 1950’s. Prior to 1952, Polio had paralyzed approximately more than 21,000 people in the U.S. alone. Eventually, the world could be polio-free if every child continues to be immunized. Polio outbreaks still occur in other parts of the world, which is why it is important to see a Travel Medicine Specialist to ensure your protection against Polio and other vaccine-preventable diseases.
Poliomyelitis disease continues to occur in several countries. Disease outbreaks and endemics may change at any time so it is important to see your Travel Medicine Specialist to ensure proper vaccination prior to travel. Polio Boosters are recommended for travelers visiting the following countries:
MIDDLE EAST AFRICA AFRICA CONTINUED ASIA Afghanistan Angola Kenya China India Benin Liberia Mongolia Iran Burkina Faso Mali Kazakhstan Burundi Niger Kyrgyzstan Cameroon Nigeria Pakistan Central African Republic Rwanda Tajikistan Chad Senegal Turkmenistan Congo Sierra Leone Uzbekistan Côte d'Ivoire Somalia Democratic Republic of the Congo Sudan Ethiopia South Sudan Gabon Tanzania Gambia Togo Guinea Uganda Guinea-Bissau Zambia
Source: Update on the Global Status of Polio (2012). Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved on August 23, 2012 from http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/in-the-news/polio-outbreaks.htm
The Polio Vaccine is called Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV). It is an injection, usually given in the arm. Adults 18 years and older need IPV if they are traveling to areas of the world where polio exists or if they were not vaccinated as a child. Usually, adults who were vaccinated as a child need 1 “booster dose” prior to travel.
The Vaccine Center and Travel Medicine Clinic has ALL the recommended and/or required vaccines needed for your travel:
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